[ 马乾龙 ]——(2010-4-21) / 已阅46656次
As the minor crime situation worsing, many countries pay more attention on it,the related public figure from the psychology, the sociology, the jurisprudence and so on many discipline analyses the reason of the minor crime in abundance, try to seek the effective remedy of it,in order to maintain the society stability and harmonious.
Looking over the criminal activity law in our country,the minor crime is refered to that people who reaches 14 years old but less than 18 year-old has the criminal capacity minor do behavior that is criminal and serious damage the society. Because of the present minor crime penalty system is maked by the grown-up perpetrator penalty system foundation with slightly revise, it has certain malpractices is not suitable in the underage perpetrator.for example,only removed the death penalty in the establishment which the punishment planted to juvenile prisoner's being suitable, regarding the life imprisonment, the control and other principal penalty have not maked any adjustment;it has removed the people who is only 14 year old of below minor's legal responsibilities absolutely out of the suitable body;on the aspect of penalty, it still does not regard the lenient punishment scope as well as the situation stipulated explicitly, simultaneously it has not removed the accumulative offense to underage perpetrator's being suitable;carrying out the penalty with regardless of sentence and parole,it has stipulated the same condition as the grown-up commit', and the non-penalty punishing solely stodgy.Overall,regardless of the penalty's establishment, the deliberation and the carring out,it overemphasizes compulsory and severe of the penalty, pursues to crack down on the crime one-sidedly the goal,and neglects the underage perpetrator's human rights protection.
In order to study the concept of the underage crime and the penalty system's foundation of the minor crime, this article proposes the value of the penalty systems orientation educating the transformation primarily by unifing the minor body and mind the particularity,and belive the purpose premise should move downwards. Intense the base contacting corporal punishment's and ultimateness analysing a penalty, analyse the current criminal world legislation trend in depth , base self on guarantee human rights , the lawful rights and interests defending a juvenile prisoner , do one's utmost to propose that the penalty is gently slow melt, advocate committing a crime to immaturity currently in effect person penalty system applies to the main body range from kinds of punishment applying to , penalty , the penalty cuts aspect such as amounts and Carrying out the punishment set about giving adjustment,building the penalty system which is suitable for adapts ,restricting the life imprisonment of field suitable f , perfecting the regulation controlling punishment , applying to take punishment into custody, applicability expanding fine punishment's.Simultaneously ,expanding penalty's breadth, limiting the stipulated age to 12-14 year-old minor legal responsibility.,Implementing the criminal record to eliminate the system.Rethinking the punishment aspect relevance to regulation profoundly, relaxing the juvenile prisoner dure the period of applying to a conditional release and reducing the penalty sentence by , encouraging juvenile prisoner turn over a new leaf ,and walking up society soon.Dealing with the penalty specifical ly for mistake currently effect unitary, laking of operatability for a characteristic by force , interposing variety assorting , supporting from various way realizing "punishment with the purpose of reform and education to strike and keep within limits to commit a crime, defend an immaturity committing a for the crime people's physically and mentally healthy , guarant the human rights , and boost harmonious aspect of society stability.
Key words:the minor crime; the system of minor crime; penalty function; the elimination of criminal record; penalty leisure.
第一章 未成年人犯罪刑罚制度概述 8
第二章 我国未成年人犯罪刑罚制度之反思 14
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