第四十四条 外国企业违反本细则第三十九条第二款、第四 十条规定的，税务机关根据情节轻重，可处以五千元以下的罚金。
Detailed Rules and Regulations for the Implementation of theForeign Enterprise Income Tax Law of the People's Republic of China
(Approved by the State Council on February 17, 1982; Promulgatedby the Ministry of Finance on February 21, 1982)
The Detailed Rules and Regulations are formulated in accordance with
the provisions of Article 18 of the Income Tax Law of the People's
Republic of China Concerning Foreign Enterprises (hereinafter called Tax
"Establishments" mentioned in Article 1 of the Tax Law refer to
organizations, places or business agents established in Chinese territory
by foreign enterprises and engaged in production and business operations.
The organizations and places mentioned in the preceding paragraph
mainly include management offices, branches, representative offices,
factories and places where natural resources are exploited and where
contracted projects of building, installations, assembly and exploration
Foreign enterprises and Chinese enterprises engaged in any
cooperative production or joint business operation should, unless separate
provisions are stipulated, each pay their income taxes respectively.
"Income derived from production and business" mentioned in Article 1
of the Tax Law refers to income from the production and business
operations by foreign enterprises in industry, mining, communications,
transportation, agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, fisheries,
poultry farming, commerce, service and other trades.
Income from other sources as mentioned in Article 1 of the Tax Law
covers dividends, interest, income from lease or sale of property, income
from transfer of patents, technical know-how, trademark interests, or
copyright and other non-business income.
The taxable income for assessing the local income tax as mentioned in
Article 4 of the Tax Law is the same as the taxable income mentioned in
Article 3 of the Tax Law, i.e. it is calculated according to the formulas
given in Article 9 of the Detailed Rules and Regulations.
Enterprises engaged in small-scaled production or business and
enterprises of low profits, as mentioned in Paragraph 2 of Article 4 of
the Tax Law, refer to foreign enterprises with an annual income of less
than 1,000,000 RMB yuan.
Foreign enterprises scheduled to operate in low-profit occupations,
as mentioned in Article 5 of the Tax Law, include those low- profit
enterprises engaged in exploiting coal mineral resources in deep wells.
The tax year for foreign enterprises starts from January 1 and ends
on December 31 on the Gregorian Calendar.
Where a foreign enterprise finds it difficult to compute its income
of the tax year as stipulated in the preceding paragraph, it may apply to
the local tax authorities for approval to use its own 12-month fiscal year
for tax computation and payment.
The taxable income shall be calculated in accordance with the
1. Production costs of the year = Direct materials used up in
production of the year + direct wages + manufacturing expenses
2. Cost of the product of the year = Production costs of the year
+ inventory of products semi-finished and in process of production at the
beginning of the year - inventory of products semi-finished and in process
of production at the end of the year
3. Cost of the sales of the product = Cost of the product of the
year + inventory of the product at the beginning of the year - inventory
of the product at the end of the year
4. Net sales of the product = Gross sales of the product -
(sales return + sales allowance)
5. Profit from sales of the product = Net sales of the product -
tax on the sales of the product - cost of the sales of the product -
(selling expenses + overhead expenses)
6. Taxable Income = Profit from sales of the product + profit
from other operations + non-business income - non-business expenditure
1. Net sales = Gross sales - (sales return + sales allowance)
2. Cost of sales = Inventory of merchandise at the beginning of
the year + [Purchases of the year - (purchase returned + purchase
discount) + purchase expenses] - inventory of merchandise at the end of
3. Profit of sales = Net sales - cost of sales - tax on sales
(selling expenses + overhead expenses)
4. Taxable income = Profit of sales + profit from other
operations + non-business income - non-business expenditure
c. Service trades:
1. Net business income = Gross business income - (tax on business
+ operating expenses + overhead expenses)
2. Taxable income = Net business income + non-business income -
d. Other trades:
For other trades, refer to the above mentioned formulas for
The following items shall not be counted as cost, expenses or loss in
calculating the taxable income:
1. Expenditure on the purchase or construction of machinery,
equipment, building facilities and other fixed assets;
2. Expenditure on the purchase of intangible assets;
3. Interest on equity capital;
4. Income tax payment and local income tax payment;
5. Penalty for illegal operations and losses in the form of
6. Overdue tax payment and tax penalty;
7. Losses from windstorms, floods and fire covered by insurance
8. Donations and contributions other than those for public welfare
and relief purposes in China;
9. Royalties paid to the head offices;
10. Other expenses that are not relevant to production and business
Reasonable overhead expenses that are relevant to production and
operation paid by a foreign enterprise to its head office and actual
expenses paid to its head office for services directly provided may be
listed as expenses on the condition that the said expenses are backed up
by certificates and vouchers from the head office, together with a
financial report signed by a chartered public accountant, and examined and
approved by the local tax authorities.
Where a foreign enterprise is engaged in co-operative production and
joint business operation with a Chinese enterprise and an agreement has
been reached and included in the signed contract for the sharing of
overhead expenses of the head office, such payments may be listed as
expenses in accordance with the confirmed method in the contract after
being examined and ratified by the local tax authorities.
Foreign enterprises are permitted to list as expenses the interest
payments on loans at reasonable rates on the condition that the loans and
interest payments are backed up by certifying documents and, after being
examined by the local tax authorities, are considered as being of normal
Reasonable entertainment expenses paid by foreign enterprises that
are relevant to production and business income more than 5,000,000 RMB
yuan, the vouchers and documents, and then may be listed as expenses
within the following limits respectively:
1. For enterprises with annual net sales less than 15,000,000 RMB
yuan, the reasonable entertainment expenses shall not be in excess of
0.3%, or three thousandths, of the net sales; for those with annual net
sales more than 15,000,000 RMB yuan, the expenses for that portion above
the limit shall not exceed 0.1%, or one thousandth, of the said portion.
2. For enterprises with annual total business income less than
5,000,000 RMB yuan, the reasonable entertainment expenses shall not be in
excess of 1%, or ten thousandths, of the total business income, for those
with annual total business income more than 5,000,000 RMB yuan, the
expenses for that portion above the limit shall not exceed 3 , or three
thousandths, of the said portion.
Depreciation of fixed assets of foreign enterprises in use shall be
calculated on an annual basis. The fixed assets cover houses, buildings,
machinery and other mechanical apparatuses, means of transport and other
equipment for the purpose of production or business operations with useful
life of more than one year. But articles with a per-unit value of less
than 500 RMB yuan and a shorter useful life that are not main equipment
for production or operation, can be itemized as expenses according to the
actual quantity in use.
Fixed assets shall be assessed according to the original value. For
fixed assets counted as an investment by foreign enterprises and Chinese
enterprises engaged in co-operative production and business operation, the
original value shall be the price of the assets agreed upon by all
participants at the time of co-operation.
For purchased fixed assets, the original value shall be the purchase
price plus freight, installation expenses and other related expenses
incurred before they are put into use.
For self-made and self-built fixed assets, the original value shall
be the actual expenditures incurred in the course of manufacture of
For self-owned and used fixed assets that are shipped in from abroad,
the documents certifying their original value and the number of years in
use, together with reference data on their market price, shall be
presented and their actual value shall be reassessed according to the
quality. For assets without certifying documents, the value shall be
assessed by the enterprise and submitted to the local tax authorities for
examination and approval in accordance with the quality of the assets.
Depreciation of fixed assets shall be calculated starting from the
month when the assets are put into use. Depreciation shall no longer be
calculated starting from the month following that in which the fixed
assets cease to be used.
For enterprises engaged in exploiting off-shore petroleum resources,
all investments at the stage of exploration shall be counted as capital
expenditure with the oil (gas) field as a unit, and depreciation shall be
calculated starting from the month when the oil (gas) field begins to go
into production for commercial purposes.
In calculating depreciation on fixed assets, the residual value shall
be assessed first and deducted from the original value, the principle
being to make the residual value about 10 per cent of the original value;
those assets to retain a lower or no residual value shall be submitted for
approval to the local tax authorities. If the depreciation is calculated
in accordance with a composite life method, residual value may not be
Depreciation on fixed assets shall generally be computed in average
under the straight-line method.
The depreciation period for various kinds of fixed assets is set as
1. The minimum depreciation period for houses and buildings is 20
2. The minimum depreciation period for trains, ships, machines and
equipment and other apparatuses for the purpose of production is 10 years;
3. The minimum depreciation period for electronic equipment, means of
transport other than trains and ships, as well as appliances, tools and
furniture relevant to production and operation is 5 years.
For cases where the depreciation on fixed assets of foreign
enterprises, owing to special reasons, needs to be accelerated or to be
computed under modified methods, applications may be submitted to the
local tax authorities for examination and then relayed level by level to
the Ministry of Finance for approval.
Depreciation of various kinds of fixed assets resulting from the
investments of enterprises engaged in exploiting offshore petroleum
resources, during and after the stage of exploration, may be calculated in
accordance with a composite life method. The depreciation period shall not
be less than six years.
For enterprises engaged in exploiting coal mineral resources, the
provisions of the preceding paragraph may also be applied.
Expenditures arising from enlargement, replacement, refitting and
technical innovation and resulting in the increase of value of fixed
assets in use, should be regarded as capital expenditure, and shall not be
listed as expenses.
For the fixed assets remaining in use after the full depreciation
period, no depreciation shall be allowed.
The balance of the proceeds from the alienation or disposal of fixed
assets at the current price, after the net unamortized value or the
residual value of the assets is deducted, shall be entered into the profit
and loss account for the current year.
For intangible assets such as patents, technical know-how, trademark
interests, copyright, right to use sites and other franchises that are
alienated to foreign enterprises, the payment made by the enterprises at
reasonable prices shall be amortized from the month they come into use.
Intangible assets mentioned in the preceding paragraph and counted as
the investment by foreign and Chinese enterprises in co-operative
production and business operation, may be amortized on the basis of the
assessed value as provided in the agreements or contracts from the month
they come into use.
The intangible assets mentioned in the preceding two paragraphs that
are alienated to or counted as investment by the foreign enterprises with
the provision of time limit for use, shall be assessed and amortized
according to the time limit; those without such provision shall be
assessed and amortized in a period not less than 10 years.
Expenses arising during the period of preparation for a foreign
enterprise shall be amortized after it goes into production or business in
a period not less than five years.
Reasonable exploration expenses incurred by foreign enterprises
engaged in exploiting off-shore petroleum resources may be amortized from
the revenues derived from the oil (or gas) field that has gone into
production for commercial purposes, but the time limit of such
amortization shall not be less than one year.
Inventory of merchandise, raw materials, products in process of
production, semi-finished products, finished products and by- products
shall be valued according to the cost price. For the method of
computation, the enterprises may choose one out of the following: first-in
first-out, shifting average and weighted average. In case a change in the
method of computation is necessary, it shall be submitted to the local tax
authorities for approval.
If a foreign enterprise cannot provide accurate evidence of costs and
expenses and cannot correctly work out its taxable income, the local tax
authorities shall appraise and determine its profit rate with reference to
the profit level of other enterprises of the same or similar trade, and
then calculate its taxable income on the basis of its net sales or its
gross business income.
The taxable income of a foreign enterprise engaged in contracted
projects for exploring and exploiting off-shore petroleum resources shall
be calculated according to the profit rate appraised and determined in
relation to its gross income of the contract.
For foreign air and ocean shipping enterprises engaged in
international transport business, the taxable income shall be 5 per cent
of the gross income from transport services for passengers and cargoes
within the Chinese territory.
Foreign enterprises engaged in cooperative production with Chinese
enterprises on the basis of proration of products are considered as
receiving income when such products are distributed, and the amount of
their income shall be computed according to the prices at which the
products are sold to the third party or with reference to the prevailing
market prices of the products.
Foreign enterprises engaged in cooperative exploitation of off-shore
petroleum resources are considered as receiving income when they receive
their share of crude oil, and the amount of their income shall be computed
according to the prices which are regularly adjusted with reference to the
international market price of crude oil of equal quality.
The income of dividends interest, rentals, royalties and other
sources in China as mentioned in Article 11 of the Tax Law is explained as
"Dividends" refer to the dividends or the share of profits obtained
from enterprises in China.
"Interest" refers to interest earned from deposits and loans,
interest on various bonds purchased and interest earned from payments made
for others and from deferred payments in China.
"Rentals" refer to rentals on properties rented to persons in China.
"Royalties" refer to income obtained from the provision of various
patents, technical know-how, copyright and trademark interests for use in
"Incomes from other sources" refer to incomes specified to be taxable
by the Ministry of Finance other than those mentioned above.
The income of dividends, interest, rentals, royalties and other
sources in China as mentioned in the preceding article, with the exception
of those for which separate provisions are stipulated, shall be assessed
on its full amount, and the tax to be paid shall be withheld by the paying
unit from each payment.
"International finance organizations" as mentioned in Article 11 of
the Tax Law refer to the International Monetary Fund, the International
Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), the International
Development Association, the International Fund for Agricultural
Development and other finance organizations of the UN
The "preferential interest rate" mentioned therein refers to a rate
that is at least 10 per cent less than the general prevailing interest
rate in the international financial market.
"China's state banks" mentioned in Article 11 of the Tax Law include
the People's Bank of China, the Bank of China, the Agricultural Bank of
China, the People's Construction Bank of China, the Investment Bank of
China, and China International Trust and Investment Corporation which has
been authorized by the State Council to be engaged in business of foreign
exchange deposits, loans and credits with foreign clients.
"Income derived from interest on deposits", as mentioned in Paragraph
4 of Article 11 of the Tax Law shall not include the interest on deposits
of foreign banks in China's state banks at a rate of interest lower than
that prevailing in the international financial market. Income from
interest on deposits at a rate lower than that prevailing in the
international financial market shall be exempted from income tax.
Payments of income, as mentioned in Article 11 of the Tax Law,
include payments in cash, payments by remittance, payments through
transfer accounts, as well as payments made in marketable securities or in
kind which are rendered into equivalent amounts of money.
Income tax to be paid provisionally in quarterly installments as
stipulated in Article 7 of the Tax Law may be paid according to the actual
quarterly profit, or it may be paid on one-fourth of the taxable income
calculated on the basis of the planned profit for the current year or the
actual income in the preceding year.
For foreign enterprises which have operated for less than a year, the
income tax shall be assessed on the actual income earned in the operation
period at the applicable tax rate prescribed by the Tax Law.
When foreign enterprises go into operation or close down, such
enterprises shall, within 30 days after starting operation or before
closing down, go to the local tax authorities for the relevant tax
registration according to Article 10 of the Tax Law.
Foreign enterprises shall file their income tax returns and final
accounting statements with the local tax authorities within the prescribed
period irrespective of making profit or loss in the tax year and, unless
otherwise stipulated, shall send in at the same time the audit certificate
of the chartered public accountants registered in the People's Republic of
In case of failure to submit the tax returns within the prescribed
time limit owing to special circumstances, the foreign enterprise should
submit application to the local tax authorities within the said time
limit, and the time limit for filing tax returns and accordingly that for
final settlement may be appropriately extended upon the latter's approval.
The final day of the time limit for tax payment and that for filing
tax returns may be extended if it falls upon an official holiday.
The revenue and expenditure of foreign enterprises shall in principle
be accounted on accrual basis. All accounting records shall be accurate
and complete, and shall have lawful vouchers as the basis for entries.
Accounting vouchers, books, statements and reports adopted by foreign
enterprises shall be made in the Chinese language or in both Chinese and
Accounting vouchers, books, statements and reports shall be kept for
at least 15 years.
Forms of sales invoices and business receipts shall be submitted for
approval to the local tax authorities before they are used.
Officials sent by tax authorities when investigating the financial,
accounting and tax affairs of a foreign enterprise, shall produce
identification cards and maintain confidentiality.
As foreign enterprises with income in foreign currencies pay income
tax in quarterly installments, the income shall be assessed according to
the exchange rate quoted by the State General Administration of Exchange
Control on the day when the tax payment certificates are made out and
shall be taxed in Renminbi; when the final settlement is made after the
end of the tax year, excess payments of the tax shall be refunded or
deficiencies made up in Renminbi according to the exchange rate quoted by
the State General Administration of Exchange Control on the last day of
the tax year.
Tax authorities may impose a penalty of 5,000 RMB yuan or less on a
foreign enterprise which has violated the provisions of Article 8,
Paragraph 1 of Article 9, Article 10 and Article 12 of the Tax Law
according to the seriousness of the case.
Tax authorities may impose a penalty of 5,000 RMB yuan or less on a
foreign enterprise which has violated the provisions of Paragraph 2 of
Article 39 and Article 40 of the Detailed Rules and Regulations according
to the seriousness of the case.
"Evade or refuse to pay income tax", as mentioned in Paragraph 3 of
Article 15 of the Tax Law, shall be interpreted as follows:
"Evade to pay income tax" refers to the taxpayer's deliberate
violation of the regulations of the Tax Law by forging, altering or
destroying account books, papers or vouchers for accounting entries;
falsifying and overstating costs and expenses; concealing or understating
the amount of taxable income or gross income; avoiding taxes or defrauding
to take back the paid taxes; or by other illegal activities.
"Refuse to pay income tax" refers to the taxpayer's defiance of the
regulations of the Tax Law by refusing to file tax returns and present
certificates, papers and vouchers for tax purposes; refusing the
investigation of financial, accounting and tax affairs conducted by tax
authorities, refusing to pay taxes and penalties according to the Tax Law;
or by other illegal activities.
Tax authorities shall serve notice on relevant parties for cases
involving penalty in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Tax
Law and the Detailed Rules and Regulations.
When a foreign enterprise applies for reconsideration in accordance
with the provisions of Article 16 of the Tax Law, the tax authorities
concerned are required to make decisions within three months after the
application is received.
Income tax returns and tax payment certificates for foreign
enterprises are to be printed by the General Taxation Bureau of the
Ministry of Finance of the People's Republic of China.
The right of interpreting the provisions of the Detailed Rules and
Regulations resides in the Ministry of Finance of the People's Republic of
The Detailed Rules and Regulations come into force on the same date
as the Income Tax Law of the People's Republic of China Concerning Foreign